Educational assessments evaluate or measure the knowledge and skills of individual students, whole classrooms, schools, and/or education systems. A teacher in any given classroom may design and administer his or her own in-class assessments to evaluate student learning, as well as administer assessments required by external agencies, including standardized tests.
Standardized tests are assessments administered and scored in a consistent manner, so that results can be compared between test takers. Chicago Public Schools (CPS) has three testing windows and schools may administer the assessment(s) any time during those windows:
Beginning-of-the-year (BOY) assessments aim to establish a baseline score
Middle-of-the-year (MOY) assessments (formative) measure growth and help teachers to identify areas for additional instruction
End-of-year (EOY) (summative) assessments are typically used for student promotion or acceptance into selective enrollment programs, teacher/principal evaluations, and school accountability.